The Schengen information system of second generation (SIS II) is a system of large-scale information stored alerts on persons and on objects in relation to the control of the Schengen area and whose purpose is to guarantee security in that environment.
The information can be accedida by the authorities responsible for border controls, customs, the security forces and the authorities responsible for issuing visas throughout the Schengen area.
Technical architecture and mode of operation of SIS II
SIS II is composed of:
- a central system (‘ central SIS II ')
- a national system (‘ N. SIS II ') in each member state (the national data systems which communicate with Central SIS II)
- a communication infrastructure between the central system and the national systems that provides a network of dedicated to the data from SIS II and to the exchange of data between the national services responsible for the exchange of all supplementary information (SIRENE the so-called services).
The insertion, update, suppression and consultation of data from SIS II is carried out through the various national systems. The central system, in charge of the technical supervision and administration, is located in Strasbourg (France).
Each member state is responsible for the establishment, operation and maintenance of its own national system and the connection to the central system. each member state designates equally an authority, the office national SIS II ('Office N. SIS II '), which is the central responsibility for its national SIS II project.
Each member state designates its national SIRENE. The supplementary information concerning the descriptions of SIS II shall be exchanged in accordance with the provisions of a handbook called 'SIRENE Manual' and the communication infrastructure. Member states shall retain in the nhs reference SIRENE the decisions that have led to an alert.
Member states are responsible for any injury caused to a person through the use of its national system SIS II. member states shall ensure that any possible misuse of the data from SIS II and any supplementary information exchange contrary to this regulation subject to sanctions effective, proportionate and dissuasive.
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SIS II. Schengen Information System II
The legal framework essential that gives support to SIS II consists of two rules, the Decision 2007 / 533 / jha and Regulation 1987 / 2006. Both rules share a number of common elements are supplemented with a set of specific regulations specify the use of the system in the specific field of competence each instrument.
Regulation on SIS II constitutes the legal basis governing the system as regards the procedures of description provided for in title IV of the treaty establishing the european community (former first pillar).
Specific provisions of decision of SIS II governed use with the purposes referred to in title VI of the treaty on european union (former third pillar).
Specifically, the decision defines the categories of data (descriptions of persons and objects) to be introduced in the system in support of the operational cooperation between police authorities and between judicial authorities in criminal matters, the purposes for which will be entered, the criteria for the introduction and treatment, and the authorities with the right of access to them. The decision also includes specific provisions on the treatment and protection of these categories of data.
The regulations include provisions that guarantee the adequate protection of personal data. The provisions on data protection in the decision and the regulation are quite similar. However, the decision was hosts the Council of europe convention, 28 january 1981, for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data (AT), under which must be protected personal data in the narratives in the SIS II related to police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. The convention also be taken into account to define categories of data whose treatment in SIS II will be banned.
Is prohibited the treatment of sensitive categories of data (personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs or membership of trade unions, as well as data on health or sexuality).
On the other hand, everyone has the right to request access to data relating to it and are placed on the SIS II, as well as to rectify those of these data containing factual errors or delete any stored illegally.
Exercise of rights of data holders
Any request for access must be submitted in writing to the person responsible for the file. For this purpose, interested parties must send a request to the controller by any means capable of proving the sending and receipt of the application using the form provided in this respect, and provide a full description of the application, which must be accompanied by a photocopy of a document proving the identity of the owner of the data - that is, a national identity card or passport. In addition, interested parties may attach to the application copies of any relevant documents that they consider important in support of the application described in the application.
The procedure is free.
These rights can be exercise before the Ministry of Interior, D.G. National Police, at the following address:
Ministerio del Interior
Dirección General de la Policía
División de Cooperación Internacional – Oficina SIRENE
C/ Julián Gonzalez Segador s/n. 28043 MADRID
For exercising of these rights, the following forms can be used:
- Right of access (Spanish-English version)
- Right to rectification (Spanish-English version)
- Right to erasure (Spanish-English version)